College of Communications and Fine Arts Art Museum of the University of Memphis
Educational Resources: Additional Information for Adults and Kids

December 1, 2012 – January 12, 2013  (Closed December 24, 2012 - January 1, 2013)

 The question of what is considered art and artifact is both academically important and intensely personal for those who create. These two pages offer more information related to the topic of art versus artifact. Below are links to scholarly papers, accepted definitions, articles, essays, and interviews by scholars and artists. Also included is a bibliography of books by philosophers, artists, and researchers on the subject.

Eccentric flint: 1984.1.78 8 1/2 x 2” Koch

"Although any hollowed out piece of wood can serve as a container or a cured animal skin be worn as clothing, craftworkers of today, like their pre-modern predecessors, include artfulness as necessary to function."

Ellen Dissanayake – from her book What is Art For?

"Where the sphere of practical objects ends, and that of 'art' begins, depends, then, on the 'intention' of the creators."

Erwin Panofsky- from his lecture, "The History of Art as a Humanistic Discipline"

Grazing horse, Japan: 1990.6.8 10 1/2 x 15 1/2” Cargile

 Additional Reading for Adults

 Allen, Barry. "The Ubiquitous Artifact: On Coherence." New Literary History, Spring, 2004: pp. 259-271.

Habinek, Thomas. "Ancient Art Versus Modern Aesthetics: A Naturalist Perspective." Arethusa, Spring, 2010: pp. 215-230.

DiPaolo Loren, Diana and Uzi Baram. "Between Art and Artifact: Approaches to Visual Representations in Historical Archaeology." Historical Archaeology, vol. 41, 2007: pp. 1-5.

Dissanayake, Ellen. What is Art For?. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 1988.

Adorno, Theodor. Aesthetic Theory. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1997.

Flam, Jack D. Matisse on Art. New York, NY: Phaidon Publishers, Inc., 1973.


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