Personality/Psychopathology Research of Instruments and Scales using Multicultural
The PRISMS research group was formed to serve as a proving ground for new measures
of normal and abnormal personality and the examination of current instruments using
a multicultural perspective. This includes devising entirely new instruments, adapting
current instruments for use with potentially underserved populations, and developing
new scales to measure previously untapped constructs within populations as either
stand-alone instruments or as additions to be incorporated into current personality
Most recently, the group, led by Douglas Strohmer, APA Fellow and test designer, developed
new norms for the Strong Interest Inventory to differentiate the specialty of counseling
psychology from other psychology professions. The success of this research has led
to the creation of another project involving the use of the Strong Interest Inventory
to determine the person-environment fit of collegiate athletes with their respective
team. This could provide coaches and players with a better understanding of the “work”
environment and “job” responsibilities created by the coach for the team and how the
players’ interest and personalities match up with that environment and their teammates.
The results of this project could aid in generating new recruiting patterns within
athletics through the use of objective data.
Currently, the group is in the process of redesigning a test of psychopathology for
use within the prison population, a screener for concurrent substance abuse and Post-traumatic
Stress Disorder(PTSD) within the substance abuse population, and a test to determine
the profile of a successful college athlete. An important focus in the development
process is the examination of diversity and cultural factors among test takers, and
the impact these factors have upon test results, potential classifications, and diagnoses.
A major benefit of our efforts is we are able to potentially recognize populations
and subsets of populations that are not receiving needed psychological services, or
the opportunity to follow a path that will provide the most growth and fulfillment.
Our current research within the penal system has led us to some intriguing results
that suggest a) PTSD goes largely un-assessed among inmates, and b) the magnitude
of risk of suicide in inmates with PTSD may have been grossly underestimated. We submitted
our findings for presentation to APA in August of 2013, and anticipate publishing
our results in the early part of 2013.