Why is this issue important?
Between 20% to 25% of female college students may experience “completed or attempted
rape” during their college career. (Fisher, B.S., Cullen, F.T., & Turner, M.G. (2000). The Sexual Victimization of College
Women. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs National Institute of Justice.)
Eighty-six percent of all rapes/sexual assaults committed against college students
were not reported to police. (Hart, T.C. (2003) Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report, National Crime Victimization Survey 1995-2000. Violent Victimization of College Students. Washington, D.C.:, p.6.)
A survey of university undergraduates revealed that 20 percent had been stalked or
harassed by a former dating partner. (National Center for Victims of Crime)
3 in 10 college women reported being injured emotionally or psychologically from being
stalked. (National Center for Victims of Crime)
What kinds of violence affect women on college campuses?
Dating violence is abusive and violent behavior in dating relationships. It happens
in both heterosexual and same sex relationships. It covers a wide range of behaviors
that include verbal and emotional abuse, sexual abuse, and physical violence.
Domestic violence constitutes the willful intimidation, assault, battery, sexual assault,
or other abusive behavior perpetrated by one family member, household member, or intimate
partner against another.
A sexual assault occurs when someone touches any part of another person’s body in
a sexual way, even through clothes, without that person’s consent. Some types of sexual
acts which fall under the category of sexual assault include forced sexual intercourse (rape), sodomy (oral
or anal sexual acts), child molestation, incest, fondling, and attempted rape.
Stalking is engaging in a course of conduct or repeatedly communicating to another
under circumstances that demonstrate either of the following: an intent to place the person in reasonable fear of bodily injury; or an intent to cause substantial emotional distress
to the person.
(click here to learn more about these types of violence)