The First and Second Pyramids at Giza.
The Giza Plateau is part of the necropolis of ancient Memphis. From a rocky ledge
to the southeast of the pyramids, one realizes how the plateau lifts them up above
the surrounding landscape.
The Pyramid of Khufu [Cheops; c.2585-2560 B.C.E.], on the right, is the largest of
the three principal pyramids on the Giza Plateau. It is also known as The Great Pyramid.
It is 450 feet/137.2 meters in height. The white oblong building on the south side
of Khufu’s pyramid houses one of the boats buried with the king which has been reconstructed.
The Pyramid of Khafra [Chephren; c.2555-2532 B.C.E.], on the left, is 448 feet/136.5
meters in height. Near the summit, it still retains some of its original smooth limestone
casing stones. The Pyramid of Menkaure [Mycerinus; c.2532-2510 B.C.E.] is out of this
picture, off to the left.