Giza - Plateau
The First and Second Pyramids at Giza
The Giza Plateau is part of the necropolis of ancient Memphis. From a rocky ledge to the southeast of the pyramids, one realizes how the plateau lifts them up above the surrounding landscape.
The Pyramid of Khufu [Cheops; c.2585-2560 B.C.E.], on the right, is the largest of the three principal pyramids on the Giza Plateau. It is also known as The Great Pyramid. It is 450 feet/137.2 meters in height. The white oblong building on the south side of Khufu’s pyramid houses one of the boats buried with the king which has been reconstructed.
The Pyramid of Khafra [Chephren; c.2555-2532 B.C.E.], on the left, is 448 feet/136.5 meters in height. Near the summit, it still retains some of its original smooth limestone casing stones. The Pyramid of Menkaure [Mycerinus; c.2532-2510 B.C.E.] is out of this picture, off to the left.