Village of Deir el-Medinah
Deir el-Medinah is a New Kingdom workmen’s village with remains dating principally
to Dynasties 19 and 20. The men who constructed the tombs in the Valley of the Kings
lived in this village with their families. It is situated between the high western
mountain (from which this photograph was taken) and the hill of Qurnet Murai (top
right). The ruins of a Ptolemaic temple occupy the left/center of the picture. The
workmen constructed rock tombs for their families in the side of the western mountain
overlooking their village.
In this village the workmen lived in homes whose stone foundations still remain (middle
right). From here, the workmen followed a trail north to the top of the western mountain
and down into the Valley of the Kings to construct and decorate the tomb of the reigning
Stone House Foundations at Deir el-Medinah
These stone foundations (Dynasties 19 and 20) in Deir el-Medinah demonstrate the limited
size and close proximity of quarters available to the workmen and their families.
Most of the homes had shared walls, and the "streets" (on the far left) were seldom
over one yard wide. Although the rooms seen here are quite small, remember that most
all Egyptian houses (ancient as well as modern) had two stories with a usable flat
rooftop. The mudbrick walls of a Ptolemaic temple are visible in the upper right.