An Implementation of Vicarious Learning with Deep-Level Reasoning Questions in Middle
School and High School Classrooms. IDRiVE employs vicarious learning strategies wherein
learners observe virtual tutoring sessions from multimedia learning environments with
deep-level questions that facilitate constructive learning to optimize classroom instruction.
- Gholson, B., Witherspoon, A., Morgan, B., Brittingham, J., Coles, R., Graesser, A.C.,
Sullins, J., & Craig, S. D. (in press). Exploring the deep-level reasoning questions
effect during vicarious learning among eighth to eleventh graders in the domains of
computer literacy and Newtonian physics. Instructional Science.
- Craig, S. D., Sullins, J., Witherspoon, A., & Gholson, B. (2006). Deep-level reasoning
questions effect: The role of dialog and deep-level reasoning questions during vicarious
learning. Cognition and Instruction, 24(4), 565–591.
- Gholson, B., & Craig, S. D. (2006). Promoting constructive activities that support
vicarious learning during computer-based instruction. Educational Psychology Review, 18, 119–139.
- Craig, S. D., Driscoll, D., & Gholson, B. (2004). Constructing knowledge from dialog
in an intelligent tutoring system: Interactive learning, vicarious learning, and pedagogical
agents. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 13, 163–183.
|The ADL-CITSRD is located in the FedEx Institute of Technology (FIT) on the campus of the University of Memphis. Researchers associated with the center are faculty, researchers, post-doctoral fellows, and advanced graduate students in the Institute for Intelligent Systems (IIS). The center researchers have extensive experience in research, development, and evaluation of advanced learning environments.