Michael Butler



BA, Philosophy and Cultural Studies - Trent University

MA, Philosophy - Ryerson University (Major Research Paper: Freedom in Sartre and Merleau-Ponty)



Phenomenology, 20th-Century Continental Philosophy


Social and Political Philosophy, Philosophical Psychology, Ancient Greek Philosophy, Environmental Ethics, Critical Theory, Existentialism, Early Modern Philosophy

Dissertation Committee

Shaun Gallagher, Mary Beth Mader


"There is No Good Answer: The Role of Responsibility in Sartre's Ethical Theory." Sartre Studies International (forthcoming).

"Merleau-Ponty" The Encyclopedia of Social Theory, Wiley Blackwell (with Shaun Gallagher; forthcoming).


There is No Good Answer: The Role of Responsibility in Sartre's Ethical Theory. Presented at Diverse Lineages of Existentialism, St. Louis, June 2014

"Do not ask me who I am and do not ask me to remain the same:" Foucault's Discontinuous Subject in The Archaeology of Knowledge. Presented at The Canadian Society For Continental Philosophy, Institute for Christian Studies, Toronto, October 2013

Activity, Passivity and Original Choice: Responding to a Merleau-Pontean Critique of Sartrean Freedom. Presented at the bi-ennial meeting of the North American Sartre Society, Univeristy of Windsor, October 2013

Self-Portraits and Nametags: An Interactive Workshop on Questions of The Self. Presented at Philopolis: Guelph, University of Guelph, March 2012

Choosing, Writing, and Freedom (with Jehangir Saleh). Presented at Ryerson – Concordia Graduate Conference on Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception, November 2011

A Difference Between Worlds: Thinking the Human/Animal Distinction along with Merleau-Ponty. Presented at Ryerson – Concordia Graduate Conference on the Human/Animal Distinction, April 2011


Courses taught at the University of Memphis

Environmental Ethics (ONLINE).

Values and the Modern World

Biomedical Ethics

Feminist Theory

Courses taught at Ryerson University

Ideas That Shape The World 1 (Contemporary Canada)

Critical Thinking

Contact Information

Office: Clement 118
Office hours: by appointment
Email: mgbutler@memphis.edu