|Arthur C. Graesser, Ph.D.
Professor, Department of Psychology
Dr. Art Graesser is a professor in the Department of Psychology and an adjunct professor
in Computer Science at the University of Memphis. He is also a Senior Research Fellow
at the University of Oxford (UK).
Dr. Graesser received his Ph.D. in psychology from the University of California at
San Diego in 1977. After joining the U of M’s Psychology Department in 1985, Dr. Graesser,
along with Dr. Stan Franklin, established the Institute for Intelligent Systems (IIS)
as one of the first interdisciplinary research centers on campus. Today, IIS research
involves approximately 60 faculty and students from the fields of computer science,
mathematics, cognitive psychology, physics, neuroscience, education, linguistics,
philosophy, anthropology, engineering, and business.
Dr. Graesser is globally renowned as a leader in the learning sciences, with particular
expertise in the fields of text comprehension, question answering, and intelligent
tutoring systems. He has worked on projects funded by the National Science Foundation,
the National Institutes of Health, the Office of Naval Research, the Institute of
Education Sciences, and other national funders totaling more than $30 million.
Dr. Graesser is a serial collaborator and a devoted teacher, having directly supervised
research and chaired committees for 150 undergraduates, 30 masters level students,
and 35 doctoral students, as well as 10 post-doctoral researchers. Dr. Graesser's
primary research interests are in cognitive science, discourse processing, and the
learning sciences. More specific interests include knowledge representation, question
asking and answering, tutoring, text comprehension, inference generation, conversation,
reading, education, memory, emotions, artificial intelligence, and human-computer
Dr. Graesser served as editor of the journal Discourse Processes (1996–2005) and is
the current editor of Journal of Educational Psychology (2009-2014). His service in
professional societies includes president of the Empirical Studies of Literature,
Art, and Media (1989-1992), the Society for Text and Discourse (2007-2010), the International
Society for Artificial Intelligence in Education (2007-2009), and the Federation for
the Advancement of Brain and Behavioral Sciences Foundation (2012-13). In addition
to publishing nearly 500 articles in journals, books, and conference proceedings,
he has written two books and edited 11. He and his colleagues have designed, developed,
and tested software in learning, language, and discourse technologies, including AutoTutor,
AutoTutor-lite, MetaTutor, GuruTutor, DeepTutor, HURA Advisor, SEEK Web Tutor, Operation
ARIES!, iSTART, Writing-Pal, AutoCommunicator, Point & Query, Question Understanding
Aid (QUAID), QUEST, and Coh-Metrix.
Dr. Art Graesser recently received two very prestigious awards: the 2011 Distinguished
Contributions of Applications of Psychology to Education and Training Award from the
American Psychological Association (APA) and the first Presidential Award for Lifetime
Achievement in Research from the University of Memphis. The APA Award recognizes a
psychologist for evidence-based applications of psychology to education and training.
This award acknowledges Art Graesser's contributions in "the application of psychological
principles to the study of cognitive science, and particularly cognitive engineering
of useful education and training technologies." The award recognizes his "profound
and continuing distinguished contributions to educational theory and practice."
U of M’s Presidential Award for Lifetime Achievement in Research is the University’s
highest level of research recognition given to its faculty. It was established as
part of the University’s Centennial celebration to recognize the vital role and impact
of research at the University of Memphis. “This honor is clearly the pinnacle of
my career,” said Graesser. “I am deeply appreciative that I am part of a network of
talented researchers whose collective talents and support have made it possible to
achieve this level of recognition for our contributions to the science of learning.”
In announcing the award, University President Shirley Raines said, “Dr. Graesser is
among our most productive researchers and has a significant, exemplary, and sustained
record of academic scholarship, research collaboration, mentoring, and university