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Thesis Defense Announcement

College of Arts and Sciences announces the Final Thesis Defense of

Alexander Johnson

for the Degree of Master of Science

April 4, 2019 at 02:30 PM in Psychology Building, Room 453

Advisor: Roger Kreuz

Seduction is in the eye of the beholder: The influences of learner characteristics on learning from multiple texts with seductive details

ABSTRACT: Previous research has shown that the inclusion of seductive details (i.e., highly interesting, yet conceptually unimportant information) in educational materials is detrimental to learning. Recently, however, researchers have suggested that learner characteristics and motivational factors may influence these detriments. This study built on these findings by exploring the effects of seductive details on multiple-text comprehension, as well as including measures that have not been explored previously (e.g., need for cognition). Additionally, reading and response times were collected to examine online processes during comprehension. Participants were asked to read two short texts about El Niño, sentence-by-sentence, and were later asked to judge whether provided inferences could be drawn by connecting information between texts (i.e., the IIVT), as well as to provide their confidence in these judgments. Those receiving a text with seductive details performed worse on the IIVT. Additionally, both vocabulary knowledge and need for cognition were significant predictors of IIVT performance.