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Style Manuals

Style manuals set standards regarding how to format and document sources in papers and other manuscripts. Style manuals vary by discipline and there is no one correct way to format all papers. Before beginning a paper, always check with your instructor to see if there is a preferred style you should use. The most thorough information about a specific style is usually available in a published style manual.

Many online resources--such as, the Wilson OmniFile, the EBSCOHost databases,, and the UofM's own Catalog Classic--provide citing help in at least the APA and MLA styles, sometimes more. For details see the page, Alternatives to RefWorks. Always double-check any citations provided by a database; sometimes it may be necessary for you to edit the output.

Refworks itself is a program designed to help you manage the standard citation styles as well as the thousands of styles specific to individual journals.

Major Style Manuals

The Chicago Manual of Style
  • Complete manual available at the Reference Desk
  • Basic Chicago style is covered in Research and Documentation Online
  • Questions and answers about Chicago style and tools to help you with Chicago style
  • Also, see A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by Kate Turabian for Chicago style for students. Available at the Reference Desk [LB 2369 .78 1996]

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association

Selected Style Manuals by Discipline

Business, Economics, and Management

American Management Association Style Guide for Business Writing(1996)
  • Available at the Reference Desk [HF5726 A49 1996]


The ACS Style Guide: A Manual for Authors and Editors(1997)
  • Available in Reference [QD8.5 .A25 1997]
  • Sample references in ACS style are available on the ACS website


Geowriting: A Guide to Writing, Editing, and Printing in Earth Science(1995)
  • Available in the Earth Sciences Library

Suggestions to Authors of the Reports of the United States Geological Survey(1991)
  • Available in the Earth Sciences Library [QE48.85.S84]


Historian's Handbook: A Key to the Study and Writing of History(1991)
  • Available in Reference [D13 G78 1991]


MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers(Primarily for undergraduates)
MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing(for graduate students and professional writers)
  • Available at the Reference Desk [PN 147 .G444 1998 .M53 2003]


The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation (2000)
  • Available at the Reference Desk [KF245 B58 2000]


The AMS Author Handbook: General Instructions for Preparing Manuscripts(1996)

Medicine, Nursing & Health

American Medical Association Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors(1998)
  • Available at the Reference Desk [R 119. A533 1998]


Writing about Music: A Style Sheet from the Editors of 19th-Century Music
  • Available on Reserve at the Music Library


American Institute of Physics Style Manual(1990)
  • Available at the Reference Desk [QC5.45.A45]
  • Free pdf copy available from the AIP website


Science and Technical Writing: A Manual of Style
  • Available in Reference [T11 .S378 2001]

Scientific Style and Format: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers(1994)

Social Sciences

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
Writing for the NASW Press
  • Available in McWherter Library Oversize [HV41 .W75 1995]

Miscellaneous Style Manuals

Brief Guide to Citing Government Publications
The Columbia Guide to Online Style(1998)
  • Available at the Reference Desk [PN171.F56W35 1998]

The Complete Guide to Citing Government Information Resources : A Manual for Writers & Librarians(1993)
  • Available at the Reference Desk [J9.5 G37x]
  • Available in Government Publications Department

The Learning Page of the Library of Congress: Citing Electronic Resources
Online! A Reference Guide to Using Internet Resources(1998)
A Style Manual for Citing Microform and Nonprint Media(1978)
  • Available at the Reference Desk [PN171.F56F57]

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