James S. Adelman
About Dr. Adelman
No two organisms respond to infection in the same way—a phenomenon with far-reaching implications for infectious disease dynamics, ecology, and evolution. Nevertheless, variation in individual traits, including immune and behavioral responses to infection, has traditionally been studied separately from population-level aspects of epidemiology, such as disease prevalence and pathogen transmission. My research suggests that we cannot fully understand these individual- or population-level processes in isolation. I incorporate techniques from immunology, eco-physiology, and animal behavior to answer two main questions at the interface of physiology and ecology: 1) why, mechanistically and evolutionarily, do individuals vary in their immune and behavioral responses to infection? and 2) how does this variation shape pathogen transmission and evolution?
- Disease Ecology
- Ecological Immunology and Physiology
- Animal Behavior
B.S. Biology, Duke University; Ph.D. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University; Post-Doctoral Fellow Biological Sciences, Virginia Tech
- Vaziri, G.J., M.J. Johny, P.C. Caragea, and J.S. Adelman. 2019. Social context affects thermoregulation but not activity level after immune challenge in a social passerine. Behavioral Ecology 30: 383-392.
- Vaziri, G.J., S.A. Muñoz, E.S. Martinsen, and J.S. Adelman. 2019. Gut parasite levels predict responses to simulated bacterial infection in a wild songbird. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 55: 64-74.
- Hawley, D.M., S.C. Moyers, J. Caceres, C. Youngbar, and J.S. Adelman. 2018. Characterization of unilateral conjunctival inoculation with Mycoplasma gallisepticum in house finches. Avian Pathology 47: 526-530.
- Moyers, S.C. , J.S. Adelman, D.R. Farine, I.T. Moore, and D.M. Hawley. 2018. Exploratory behavior is linked to stress physiology and social network centrality in free-living house finches (Haemorhous mexicanus). Hormones and Behavior 102: 105-113.
- Moyers, S.C. , J.S. Adelman, D.R. Farine, C.A. Thomason, and D.M. Hawley. 2018. Feeder density enhances house finch disease transmission in experimental epidemics. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series B 373: 20170090.
- Houston, D.D., S. Azeem, C. Lundy, Y. Sato, B. Guo, J.A. Blanchong, P.C. Gauger K.J. Yoon, and J.S. Adelman. 2017. No evidence for a role of wild songbirds or rodents in spreading avian influenza virus across an agricultural landscape. PeerJ 5: e4060.
- Adelman, J.S., and D.M. Hawley. 2017. Tolerance of infection: a role for animal behavior, potential immune mechanisms, and consequences for parasite transmission. Hormones and Behavior 88: 79-86.
- Adelman, J.S., C. Mayer, and D.M. Hawley. 2017. Infection reduces anti-predator behaviors in house finches. Journal of Avian Biology 48: 519-528.
- Brace, A.J. , M.J. Lajeunesse, D.R. Ardia, D.M. Hawley, J.S. Adelman, K.L. Buchanan, J.M. Fair, J.L. Grindstaff, K.D. Matson, and L.B. Martin. 2017. Costs of immune responses are related to host body size and lifespan. Journal of Experimental Zoology, Part A 327: 254-261.
- Nuñez, C., J.S. Adelman, H. Carr, C. Knight, and D. Rubenstein. 2017. Lingering effects of contraception management on the birth rates and social behaviors in feral mares (Equus caballus). Conservation Physiology 5: cox018.