Leah Cathryn Windsor

Associate Professor

Email Only
(901) 678-2561
Patterson Hall 433
Office Hours


B.A. 1998, Georgetown University
M.A. 2005, The University of Memphis
Ph.D. 2012, The University of Mississippi


Academic Summary

Dr. Leah Windsor is an Associate Professor in the Department of English (Applied Linguistics) and the Institute for Intelligent Systems at The University of Memphis. She directs the Languages Across Cultures lab which studies the political language in opaque environments. Her research interests include syntax, cognition, and international politics (democratization, populism, authoritarianism). She serves on the Editorial Board of International Studies Quarterly and International Studies Perspectives and is a member of the International Studies Association Executive Committee. She is also a 2020-2021 Non-Resident Fellow for the Krulak Center in the Marine Corps University.


Select Publications


Crawford, K. and Windsor, L. The PhD Parenthood Trap: Caught Between Work and Family in Academia. Forthcoming with Georgetown University Press, Fall 2021. 

Refereed Journal Articles

  • Windsor, L. and Crawford, K (2021). The differential effects of pandemic parenting. ADVANCE Journal. 
  • Windsor, L. and Crawford, K. (2021) Women and Minorities Encouraged to Apply (Not Stay). Trends in Genetics. Impact factor: 11.0
  • Windsor, L., and Thies, C. (2021) MENtorship: “Men in the Middle” and their role as allies in addressing gender bias. PS: Political Science and Politics. Impact factor: .789
  • Windsor, L. Crawford, K.F., and Breuning, M. (2021) Not a leaky pipeline! Academic success is a game of Chutes and Ladders. PS: Political Science and Politics. Impact factor: .789
  • Windsor, L. C., Yannitell Reinhardt, G., Windsor, A. J., Ostergard, R., Allen, S., Burns, C., Giger, J. & Wood, R. (2020). Gender in the time of COVID-19: Evaluating national leadership and COVID-19 fatalities. PloS one, 15(12), e0244531. Impact factor: 2.740
  • Giger, J., Barnhart, S., Feltner, F., Slone, M., and Windsor, L. (2020) Validating the eHealth Literacy Scale (eHEALS) in Rural Adolescents. Journal of Rural Health. Impact factor: 2.471
  • Windsor, L. (2020) Advancing Interdisciplinary Work in Computational Communication Science. Political Communication. Impact factor: 4.339
  • Windsor, L. and Crawford, K. (2019) Normalizing Parents in the Academy. PS: Political Science and Politics. Impact factor: .789
  • Windsor, L., Cupit, J.G., and Windsor, A. (2019) Automated Content Analysis Across Six Languages. Plos-One. Publication date: November 20, 2019. Impact factor: 2.776
  • Zelinka, I., Zmeskal, O., Windsor, L., & Cai, Z. (2019). Unconventional Methods in Voynich Manuscript Analysis. MENDEL, 25(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.13164/mendel.2019.1.001
  • Windsor, L. (2018) Local Politics in an International Context: A Linguistic Analysis of Community Resiliency in Memphis, TN. Local Governance Studies. With Alistair Windsor, Andrew J. Hampton, and Grayson Cupit. Impact factor: 1.825
  • Love, G. & Windsor, L.  (2017) Populism and Popular Support: Vertical Accountability, Exogenous Events, and Leader Discourse in Venezuela. Political Research Quarterly. Impact factor: 1.523 https://doi.org/10.1177/1065912917749752
  • Windsor, L. (2017) The Language of Radicalization: Female Internet Recruitment to Participation in ISIS Activities. Terrorism and Political Violence. Impact factor: 1.643 https://doi-org.ezproxy.memphis.edu/10.1080/09546553.2017.1385457
  • Windsor, Leah, Dowell, N., Windsor, A., & Kaltner, J. (2017). Leader Language and Political Survival Strategies. International Interactions, 1–16. Impact factor: 1.67 https://doi.org/10.1080/03050629.2017.1345737
  • Dowell, N. M., Windsor, L. C., & Graesser, A. C. (2016). Computational linguistics analysis of leaders during crises in authoritarian regimes. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict, 9(1–3), 1–12. Impact factor: .53
  • Windsor, Leah, Dowell, N., & Graesser, A. (2014). The Language of Autocrats: Leaders’ Language in Natural Disaster Crises. Risk, Hazards, and Crisis in Public Policy, 5(4), 446–467. Impact factor: 1.34
  • Windsor, L. & Detraz, N. (2013) Evaluating Climate Migration: Population Movement, Insecurity and Gender. with Nicole Detraz. The International Feminist Journal of Politics, Vol. 16(1), 127-146. Impact factor: .970 DOI: 10.1080/14616742.2013.789640.

Refereed Conference Proceedings

  • Chiovaro, M., Windsor, L. C., & Paxton, A. (2021) Vector autoregression, cross-correlation, and cross-recurrence quantification analysis: A case study in social cohesion and collective action. Proceedings paper for the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. 
  • Giger, J. T., Barnhart, S., Craig, C. & Windsor, L. Bayesian Structural Equation Modeling for Small Samples: A Powerful Approach to Address Grand Challenges for Social Work Research. Society for Social Work and Research 2020 Conference, Washington, DC.
  • Giger, J. T., Barnhart, S., Feltner, F., Slone, M., Lawler, M. & Windsor, L. Predicting Overall Subjective Well-Being in Appalachian Children: Lessons Learned from a School-Based Study, 2019 World Rural Health Conference, Albuquerque, NM. 
  • Cai, Z., Graesser, A.C., Windsor, L., Cheng, Q., Shaffer, D.W., & Hu, X. (2018). Impact of corpus size and dimensionality of LSA spaces from Wikipedia articles on AutoTutor answer evaluation. In K.E. Boyer & M. Yudelson(Eds.), Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Educational Data Mining (pp.127-136). Buffalo, NY: EDM Society.  http://educationaldatamining.org/files/conferences/EDM2018/EDM2018_Preface_TOC_Proceedings.pdf. Among five papers nominated for Best Paper Award; 18% conference acceptance rate.
  • Cai, Z., Graesser, A.C., Windsor, L., & Hu, X. (2017) Sprout: A semantic analysis tool for small corpora. Paper presented at the Forty-seventh annual meeting of the society for computer in psychology, Vancouver, Canada.  

Book Chapters

  • Graesser, Arthur, and Leah Windsor. (2021) “Text and Discourse with Humans and Computers.” To appear in Atlas of Language Analysis in Psychology, edited by Ryan Boyd, Guilford Press
  • Windsor, L. (2021) “Linguistic and Political Relativity: AI Bias and the Language of International Relations.”To appear in Psychology of AI Ethics, edited by Andrew J. Hampton and Jeanine DeFalco.
  • Windsor, L. (2021) “Operationalizing the evolution of the meaning of conflict over time and location.” Blackwell Handbook, edited by Stanley Dubinsky and Harvey Starr.