Peter J. Brand

Peter J. Brand

Professor | Director Karnak Great Hypostyle Hall Project

133 Mitchell
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Ph.D., Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations, University of Toronto, 1998

Fields of Interest

My areas of focus in Egyptology are the history and culture of the New Kingdom, particularly in the late 18th Dynasty and the Ramesside Periods. I use a multi-disciplinary approach in my research and teaching that integrates history, art history, language and epigraphy. Subjects that interest me most and are part of my ongoing research include Egyptian foreign relations and diplomacy, the political history of the Nineteenth Dynasty, New Kingdom military reliefs and texts, the role and function of the state temples in the New Kingdom and their iconography, construction and decoration of large monuments, royal ideology and divine kingship and the Post-Amarna and Ramesside periods. I am also interested in methodological questions, especially epigraphic techniques and methodology and historical method and historiography in Egyptology.

Courses taught

Egypt of the Pharaohs, Imperial Egypt, Egyptian Epigraphy, Ramesside Military and Diplomatic Texts, Middle Kingdom History, The Amarna Period in Egypt, Egyptian Historiography, Ramesside Egypt, The Ancient World, The Greek Experience, The Roman World, Imperial Rome

Graduate students in the Egyptology program can also express a desire for which courses they would like to see offered in the areas of Egyptian History.

Representative publications



PDFs of some of these articles are online here.

  • "Thutmoside Battle Relief" Catalog No. 74, in Nancy Thomas et al., The American Discovery of Ancient Egypt, (New York, 1995), 170-171.  
  • "The 'Lost' Obelisks and Colossi of Seti I," Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 34 (1997): 101-114.
  • "Recent Research in the Hypostyle Hall," Newsletter of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities, (April 1996), 5-6.  
  • "Excavation News: Karnak," Newsletter of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities, (September, 1997), 6.
  • "Seti I— His Reign and Monuments," KMT: A Modern Journal of Ancient Egypt, Vol. 9, No. 3 (1998), 46-68.
  • "Secondary Restorations in the Post-Amarna Period," Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 36 (1999), 113-134.
  • "Methods Used in Restoring Reliefs Vandalized during the Amarna Period," Göttinger Miszellen zu gyptologische Beitr ge No. 170 (1999), 37-48.
  • "Use of the Term Akh in the Reign of Seti I," Göttinger Miszellen zu ägyptologische Beitrage No. 168 (1999), 23-33.   
  • "Rescue Epigraphy in the Karnak Hypostyle Hall," Egyptian Archaeology 19 (Fall, 2001), 11-13.   
  • "Rescue Epigraphy in the Hypostyle Hall," a postscript to "'A Forest of Columns': The Karnak Great Hypostyle Hall Project," by William J. Murnane†, KMT : A Modern Journal of Ancient Egypt, Vol. 12, No. 3, (Fall, 2001), 50-59.
  • "Repairs Ancient and Modern in the Great Hypostyle Hall at Karnak," Bulletin of the American Research Center in Egypt, No. 180, (Fall, 2001), 1 & 3-6.
  • "The Gurna Temple of Seti I," in Kent R. Weeks (ed.), Valley of the Kings: The Tombs and Funerary Temples of Thebes West, (Vercelli, Italy, 2001), pgs. 76-85. 
  • "A Grafitto of Amen-Re in Luxor Temple Restored by the High Priest Menkheperre," in G. N. Knoppers and A. Hirsch (eds.), Egypt, Israel, and the Ancient Mediterranean World: Studies in Honor of Donald B. Redford (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2004), 157-266.
  • with W. J. Murnane, "The Karnak Hypostyle Hall Project (1992-2002)," Annales du Service des Antiquités d'Égypte 78 (2004), 79-127.
  • "The Karnak Hypostyle Hall Project (1992-2002)," Annales du Service des Antiquités d'Égypte 78 (2004), 79-127.
  • "Ideology and Politics of the Early Ramesside Kings (13th Century B.C.): A Historical Approach," Prozesse des Wandels in historischen Spannungsfeldrn Nordostafrikas/Westasiens: Akten zum 2. Symposium des SFB 295, Mainz, 15.10.-17.10.2001 (Würzburg, 2005), 23-38.
  • "Veils, Votives and Marginalia: the Use of Sacred Space at Karnak and Luxor," in P. F. Dorman and B. M. Bryan (eds.), Sacred Space and Sacred Function in Ancient Thebes, SAOC 61 (Chicago: Oriental Institute Publications, 2006), 52-59.
  • "The Shebyu-Collar in the New Kingdom, Part 1," Studies in Memory of Nicholas B. Millet, The Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquity Journal 33 (2006), 17-28.
  • "Irrational Imperatives: Ideological Factors in Egyptian-Hittite Relations under Ramesses II," in P. Kousoulis and K. Magliveras (eds.), Moving Across Borders: Foreign Relations, Religion and Cultural Interactions in the Ancient Mediterranean, Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 159 (Leuven: Peeters, 2007), 15-33.
  • "La restauration: l'Égypte de Toutânkhamon à Ramsès II, In J-L. Chappaz, F. Tiradritti, and M. Vandenbeusch (eds), Akhénaton et Néfertiti: soleil et ombres des pharaons, (Milan and Geneva: Cinisello Balsamo, 2008), 109-119.
  • "Usurped Cartouches of Merenptah at Karnak and Luxor," in Brand & Louise Cooper, (editors), Causing His Name to Live: Studies in Egyptian History and Epigraphy in Memory of William J. Murnane. (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2009), 28-48. 
  • "Egyptian-Hittite Treaty," in B. Bonhomme et al., (eds.), Milestone Documents in World History, (Springfield, VA: Schlager Group, 2010).
  • "Usurpation of Monuments," UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology
  • "Restoration and Reuse," UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology
  • "The Date of Battle Reliefs on the South Wall of the Great Hypostyle Hall and the West Wall of the Cour de la Cachette at Karnak and the History of the Later Nineteenth Dynasty," M. Collier and S. Snape (eds.), Ramesside Studies in Honour of K.A. Kitchen (Bolton: Rutherford Press Limited, 2011), pp 49-84.
  • with E. Laroze and J. Revez, Le project américano-canadien de relevé des colonnes de la grande salle hypostyle de Karnak: Objectifs globaux et méthodologie," Journal of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquity 38 (2011), 17-34.
  • with Kevin Johnson, "Prince Seti-Merenptah, Chancellor Bay and the Bark Shrine of Seti II at Karnak," Journal of Egyptian History 6 (2013), 19-45.
  • with Jean Revez and Janusz Karkowski, "Karnak Hypostyle Hall Project, Report on the 2011 Field Season for the University of Memphis & the Universite de Montreal à Quebec," Cahiers de Karnak 14 (2013), 193-229. 
  • with Jean Revez, "Le programme decorative des colonnes de la grande salle hypostyle de Karnak: bilan de la mission canado-américaine de 2011," Bulletin de Société Française d'Égyptologie 184 (2012), 10-38.
  • with Jean Revez, The Notion of Prime Space in the Layout of the Column Decoration in the Great Hypostyle Hall at Karnak, Cahiers de Karnak 15 (2015), 253-310.
  • "Reconstructing the Royal Family of Ramesses II and its Hierarchical Structure," Journal of Ancient Civilizations 31 (2016), 7-44.
  • "Patterns of Innovation in the Monumental Art of Ramesside Thebes: The Example of the Great Hypostyle Hall of Karnak," in S. Kubisch and U. Rummel (eds.), The Ramesside Period in Egypt: Studies into Cultural and Historical Processes of the 19th and 20th Dynasties: Proceedings of the International Symposium Held in Heidelberg, 5th to 7th June 2015, (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2018), 45-61.
  • “Ideological Aspects of Ramesside Military Texts and Reliefs,” Perspectives on the Ramesside Military System. Conference Proceedings. Staatliches Museum Ägyptischer Kunst (Munich 10-11 December, 2022), in press 
  • with Jean Revez, Emmanuel Laroze, & Owen Murray. “Gaining New Perspectives on the Hypostyle Hall at Karnak through the Use of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) and Other Emerging Techniques,” in Rita Lucarelli, Joshua A. Roberson, and Stephen Vinson, eds., Ancient Egypt, New Technology. The Present and Future of Computer Visualization, Virtual Reality and Other Digital Humanities in Egyptology, Harvard Egyptological Studies 17, 475–510. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2023 in press. 
  • “The Historical Record,” in The Oxford Handbook of Egyptian Epigraphy and Paleography,” (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020), 59-70. 
  • with Jean Revez, “The Cartouche Names of Ramesses IV in the Great Hypostyle Hall at Karnak: A Case Study of Royal Identity, Legitimation, and Historical Memory,” in His Good Name: Essays on Identity and Self-Presentation in Ancient Egypt ins in Honor of Ronald J. Leoprohon, (Atlanta: Lockwood Press, 2021), 291-315. 
  • with Jean Revez, “Un lien théologique à Karnak entre la grande salle hypostyle du temple d’Amon-Rê et le temple de Ptah,” Égypte, Afrique et Orient 91 (November 2018), 25-30.  
  • “Ramesses II Redux: Of Colossi, Cartouches, and Chronology,” KMT 31 (2), (2020), 60-68. 
  • with Jean Revez, “3D Modeling in the Karnak Hypostyle Hall,” KMT 32 (2) (2021), 37-47.