Dr. Sajja receives prestigious NSF Career Award
Dr. Sajja received the 2023 National Science Foundation Career Award for “Open-Access, Real-Time High-Throughput Metabolomics for High Field and Benchtop NMR for Biological Injury." The NSF award is the most prestigious award that supports faculty who have the potential to serve as academic role models in research and education. In the category of Bioinformatics Innovation, her award was for a little more than a quarter of a million dollars.
Metabolomics is an indispensable approach in systems biology that uses analytical
techniques to measure metabolites in cells, tissues, and biofluids and provides direct
information of the biological phenotype. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR)
is a powerful tool for metabolomics due to its excellent analytical reproducibility
and ability to detect numerous metabolites in a single measurement. NMR metabolomics
is conventionally performed on a high-field (HF) spectrometer, but the recent development
of benchtop spectrometers has led to a resurgence of interest in low-field (LF) NMR
due to its accessibility, low cost and small footprint compared to HF. NMR metabolomics
at both HF and benchtop LF, however, require time-consuming, user-dependent processing
and expertise for metabolite identification and quantification. Due to these limitations,
both HF and LF NMR are underexplored for metabolomics research in the biological community.
This project will fill these critical gaps by developing, validating, and disseminating
real-time, high-throughput NMR metabolomic techniques for both HF and benchtop LF
NMR for advancing biological infrastructure and research. This interdisciplinary project
will prepare the next generation of women and minorities to pursue bioengineering
and bioinformatics career?currently an under-represented discipline. The project will
also integrate research with educational objectives to target the broader community
from K-12 to graduate students and the general public: (a) coursework to strengthen
biosignal processing & analysis skills in undergraduate and graduate curricula; (b)
internships, targeted to talented women, minority, and low-income college students;
(c) hands-on STEM projects to motivate high-schoolers through collaboration with school
teachers; (d) disseminate bioengineering research to support K-12 learning through
the Society of Women Engineers, West TN STEM Hub, and Girls Experiencing Engineering
programs; and (e) educational exhibits at local museums to enable public outreach
and exposure to NMR applications. This early hands-on exposure will benefit students
of all ages to understand fundamental concepts and realize NMR applications in a broad
range of fields?including molecular biology, biomedical engineering and chemical engineering?and
ultimately motivate them to pursue a STEM career.
The project will develop, validate, and disseminate open-access metabolomic techniques that will automatically quantify the metabolites in complex biological spectra obtained from high-field (HF) and benchtop low-field (LF) NMR via the following objectives: 1) investigate high-throughput metabolomic methods for HF NMR using deep learning, 2) reconstruct high-resolution and high-throughput spectra from benchtop LF NMR using autoencoder, 3) investigate these techniques for inquiring biological questions, and 4) disseminate metabolomic libraries and techniques for biological research and education via an open-access software. This research will provide a breakthrough in the field of NMR metabolomics by eliminating a major processing barrier for both HF and benchtop NMR, thus making NMR an accessible and effective analytical tool to the biological community. The results of this project will be available on the Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy Lab website.