National Civil Rights Timeline 1952

January 19, 1952

Malcolm X
Source: Special Collections, University of Memphis Libraries

Malcolm X becomes a leader for the Nation of Islam (NOI). He originally advocates the use of "any means necessary" to procure equal rights for Black citizens. In 1965, following a trip to the Middle East, X departs with the NOI and begins to advocate cooperation between the races. This sparks anger in the members of the NOI to assassinate him on February 21, 1965.

While there are divergent views on X's rhetoric, his life inspires African Americans to continue in their demand for recognition, equality, and their humanity. Further, his assassination inspires Amiri Baraka to begin the Black Arts Movement.